Posts tagged "tense"

Simply French for Beginners - reporting lost or stolen items

Lost and stolen:

I have lost = j’ai perdu

You have lost = tu as perdu (informal and singular)

She/He has lost = elle/il a perdu

We have lost = nous avons perdu

You have lost = vous avez perdu (formal and/or plural)

They have lost = elles/ils ont perdu

*Note: the past participle here, "perdu", does not change how it sounds. However when written, it sometimes follows the gender and number of the object(s), but it always sounds the same – so lost could be spelt = perdu, perdue, perdus, or perdues

 

The format is, verb + Past participle + Combined with "to have"

To lose = perdre; Lost = perdu; I have lost = j’ai perdu;

To steal = voler; Stolen = volé; Someone has stolen = quelqu’un a volé;

To find = trouver; Found = trouvé; I have found = J’ai trouvé;

To look for = chercher; Looked for = cherché; I have looked for = j’ai cherché;;

To take = prendre; Taken = pris; Someone has taken = quelqu’un a pris

To help = aider; Helped = aidé; I have helped = j’ai aidé;

To report = rapporter; Reported = rapporté;; I have reported = j’ai rapporté

 

Some things you might hear when you report something lost or stolen:

Bonjour Monsieur/Madame, est-ce que je peux vous aider? = hello sir/madame, can I help you ?

 

Qu'est-ce que c'est arrivé ? = what happened ?

[ OR ] Qu’est-ce qu’il y a? = what’s the matter?

 

Quand est-ce que c’est arrivé? = when did it happen ?

[ OR ] Quand est-ce qu'il s'est passé ?

 

Où est-ce que c'est arrivé ? = where did it happen ?

 

Décrivez votre ….(item) = describe your ….(item)

 

Où restez-vous ? Votre adresse, s’il vous plaît = where are you staying ? your address please

 

Je vais vous donner un numéro de référence. = I am going to give you a reference number.

Vous l'avez besoin pour l’assurance. = You need it for your insurance.

 

Some vocabulary that you might lose or have stolen:

• Bicycle = le vélo

• Car = la voiture

• Coat = le manteau

• Hand bag = le sac à main

• Jacket = le veston or la veste

• Keys = les clefs 

• Car keys = le clef de la voiture / House keys = le clef de la maison

• (Hotel) room key = le clef de la chambre

• Lap top = le portable (computer = l’ordinateur [masc])

• Mobile phone = le portable (also la téléphone cellulaire)

• Passport = le passeport

• Purse = le porte-monnaie

• Suitcase = la valise

• Wallet = le porte-feuille

• Déposer plainte = file a complaint

 

When did it happen?

• Yesterday = hier / last night = hier soir (in English when we say last night we usually mean yesterday evening) / this morning = ce matin / yesterday evening = hier soir

 

From a web site - protocol?

“….The police will file a “récépissé de declaration de vol” or Declaration of Theft. You will need copies for your insurance….”

Simply French for Beginners - past tense (perfect tense) high frequency verbs

past tense French verbs, vocab, 5 9 18

In this file you sould find a copy of the tables we used in the session on the 5th Sept, covering some high frequency verbs in the past tense, using avoir and etre.

You will find there the past participles of the following verbs:

(using avoir)

  • demander
  • être
  • pouvoir
  • acheter
  • choisir
  • fermer
  • faire
  • boire
  • manger
  • trouver
  • finir
  • devoir
  • savoir
  • chercher
  • perdre
  • ouvrir
  • mettre
  • pousser
  • quitter
  • dire
  • voir
  • vendre
  • prendre
  • visiter
  • vouloir

(Using etre)

  • arriver
  • venir
  • entrer
  • aller
  • sortir
  • partir

 

Simply French for Beginners - past tense, perfect tense

Past tense – perfect tense.

In English, to say something in the past, for example, to say we visited somewhere, we say “I have visited (something) = I have + visited + (somewhere) 

The first part (I have) is said the same way as the present tense, and then we add a past version of the the other verb, a “past participle” to show what has happened – in this example “visited” is the past participle of the verb “to visit”.

It is the same in French.

I have visited = j’ai visité (=j’ai + visité)

 

As far as we are concerned, the sound of the past participle (“visité” in this example) stays the same* and gets added to the, ”I have”, “you have”, “she has”, etc.

(*Note: this is true regarding how it sounds, however the past participle follows the gender and number of the object(s), so you may see written = visité, visitée visités visitées, but it always sounds the same)

 

So…..I have visited = j’ai visité / you have visited = vous avez visité /She/He has visited = elle/il a visité

 

In English, to make a past participle we mostly put an “ed” on the end of the verb (“visit” becomes “has visited”, “look” becomes “has looked”, watch becomes “has watched”) but we also have “eat”, becoming “has eaten”, “send” becoming “has sent”, “catch” becoming “has caught”, “do” becoming “has done”, etc.

 

French also has variations, just like English, but lots of past participles have a similar ending.

 

Some past participles ending in « é »

J’ai visité ma Maman.

J’ai visité la cathédrale.

J’ai acheté un livre.

J’ai acheté un journal.

J’ai demandé une question.

J’ai demandé pourquoi ?

 

Il a visité ma Maman.

Il a visité la cathédrale.

Il a acheté un livre.

Elle a acheté un journal.

Elle a demandé une question.

Elle a demandé pourquoi ?

 

Nous avons visité ma Maman.

Nous avons visité la cathédrale.

Vous avez acheté un livre.

Vous avez acheté un journal.

Elles ont demandé une question.

Ils ont demandé pourquoi ?

 

Some past participles ending in « u »

J’ai vu un chien.

J’ai vu le soleil.

J’ai vendu la valise.

J’ai vendu ma voiture.

J’ai perdu mon passeport.

J’ai perdu mes lunettes.

 

Il a vu un chien.

Elle a vu le soleil.

Nous avons vendu la valise.

Vous avez vendu ma voiture.

Ils ont perdu mon passeport.

Tu as perdu tes lunettes.

 

Some past participles ending in « i (or is) »

J’ai pris le train.

Il a pris mon stylo.

Elle a choisi un chapeau.

Nous avons choisi le fromage.

Ils ont fini mon repas.

Tu as fini le livre.

 

Some « times » in the past to help say when something happened:

Hier / Cet après-midi / Ce matin / Ce soir / La semaine dernière Récemment = recently / Dernièrement = latelyA specific time (such as, « à huit heures et demi… »)

 

The negative versions.

Like in English, the negative words link to the « to have » verb.

We say, “I have not visited”, or “I haven’t visited”. These change the verb “I have”, to “I have not”, then the past participle is added unchanged.

 

So in French the “ne…pas” goes around the avoir verb:

 

I have not visited = je n’ai pas visité

 

He has not visited = il n’a pas visité

 

We have not seen = nous n’avons pas vu

 

They have not taken = ils n’ont pas pris

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