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Simply French for Beginners - role play airport

Role play – finding the right gate at the airport.

Traveller – ask someone to stop and say you are lost. Ask if they know which gate the flight to Paris leaves?

Helper – Ask them what is the flight number and what time does the flight board?

T – tell them the flight is Air France 2356 and boarding time is 16:45

H – say, let’s look at the screen. There it is. It leaves from gate G25.

T – ask if it is on time.

H – say no it is delayed by 40 minutes.

T – say thank you and goodbye.

 

Vocabulary

I am lost = Je suis perdu

The flight = le vol

Boarding = embarquement

To board = embarquer

From which gate does the flight to Paris leave ? = De quelle porte part le vol pour Paris?

The screen = l’écran

 

Boarding card = la carte d’embarquement

Simply French for Beginners - role play train ticket

Role play – buying a train ticket.

Buyer – ask for a single ticket to Lyon for this afternoon.

Seller – ask what time do they want to travel?

B – say after 3pm.

S – say there is a train at 3:15pm.

B – ask what time does the train arrive at Lyon?

S – say it arrives at 5:30pm

B – say yes, you will have that ticket. Ask how much is it?

S – say it is 54 Euros exactly

B – ask if you can pay by credit card?

S – say yes, that is fine.

B – ask if the train is on time and from which platform will it leave?

S – say no the train is 15 minutes late and it will arrive at platform 5.

B – say thank you and goodbye.

 

Vocabulary

From which platform does it leave? = de quell quai part-il?

How much is it ? = c’est combien ?

on time = à l’heure

delayed = en retard

Is the train on time ? = est-ce que le train est  à l’heure (OR )      c’est  à l’heure ? 

I take it = je le prends

Simply French for Beginners - role play hotel

Role play – going into a hotel

Greet the receptionist.

Ask if they have a room free, for 2 people, for two nights, starting tonight.

Ask if it has a shower and a hair dryer? Ask if it has a double bed or two single beds?

Ask if there is parking on site.

Ask how much is it? Ask if they have a restaurant and if they do, ask to see the menu.

Ask where the dining room is.

Ask if they have a map of the town available?

Ask how far is it to the town centre? Ask where the nearest bars and restaurants are situated?

Ask where the tourist information office is located.

 

Vocabulary

Double room = une chambre double

Single room = une chambre individuelle

A map = une carte

Parking = le parking

Hair dryer = un séchoir à cheveux

Shower = une douche

Bath = un bain

Town centre = la centre ville

Is it far from here? = c’est loin d’ici ? Is it near (here) ? C’est proche ?

Nearest = le plus proche

To see the menu = voir la carte

Can I see the menu please = (using est-ce que) est-ce que je peux voir la carte s’il vous plait?

(Or) Puis-je (may I) voir la carte s’il vous plait ?

Has it…. ? does it have…. ? =( use either)  a-t-elle….? (elle because chambre is feminine) 

(or, easier) Est-ce qu’elle a….? (literally, is it that it has… ?)

Simply French for Beginners - shop role play

Role play – going into a shop.

Greet the shopkeeper

Say you would like a traditional baguette and 4 croissants please.

Ask how much is a “pain au chocolat”?

Ask for 3 of these.

Ask if the shop keeper sells butter and strawberry jam.

If they do, ask how much the butter costs. And the jam?

Buy them both.

Ask how much the total is?

Ask if they have green olives? And black olives?

Ask for a kilo of green olives and half a kilo of black olives.

Ask for 4 thick slices of ham.

Ask how much are the apples, per kilo?

Ask for 2 kilos of apples.

Say that’s everything. Ask how much is it all that together?

Count out the amount from your hand in euro coins and cents.

Say thank you and say goodbye.

 

Vocabulary

How much is = combien côute…

Size = la taille

Slice = la tranche

Thick = épais(se)

A thick slice = une tranche épaisse

Thin = mince

A thin slice = une tranche mince

 

Each = chacun

Simply French for Beginners - relations and family members

Relations and family members

Mon père = my father

Ma mère = my mother

Mon frère = my brother

Ma sœur = my sister

Mon fils = my son

Ma fille = my daughter

Mes enfants = my children

Mon enfant = my child

Mon grandpère = my grandfather

Ma grandmère = my grandmother

Mon petit-fils = my grandson

Ma petite-fille = my granddaughter

Mes petits enfants = my grandchildren

Mon oncle = my uncle

Ma tante = my aunt

Mon cousin = my cousin (male)

Ma cousine = my cousin (female)

Mon neveu = my nephew

Ma nièce = my niece

Mon beau-père = my step father

Ma belle-mère = my step mother

Mon beau frère = my step brother

Ma belle-soeur = my step sister

Simply French for Beginners - popular irregular verbs

avoir = to have

J’ai = I have

tu as = You have (singular, informal)

il a / elle a = He has / she has / it has

nous avons = We have

vous avez = You have (plural, formal)

ils ont / elles ont = They have (masc. / fem.)

 

J’ai un chien = I have a dog

il a un chien = he has a dog

nous avons un chat = we have a cat

vous avez un chat = you have a cat

ils ont une voiture = they have a car

elle a un bateau = she has a boat

tu as une maison ? = you have (do you have) a house ?

 

 

être = To be

Je suis = I am

tu es = You are (singular, informal)

il est / elle est = He is / she is / it is

nous sommes = We are

vous êtes = You are (plural, formal)

ils sont / elles sont = They are (masc. / fem.)

 

Je suis fatigué = I am tired

tu es fatigué = you are tired

il est grand = he is tall

elle est petite = she is small/petite

nous sommes prêt = we are ready

vous êtes prêt ? = you are (are you) ready ?

nous sommes Anglais = we are English

 

 

aller = to go

Je vais = I go

tu vas = You go (singular, informal)

il va / elle va = He goes / she goes / it goes

nous allons = We go

vous allez = You go (plural, formal)

ils vont / elles vont = They go (masc. / fem.)

 

Je vais à l’écôle = I go to school / I am going to school

Tu vas au travail = you go to work / you are going to work

Nous allons au magasin = we go to the shop / we are going to the shop

Ils vont au restaurant = they go to the restaurant / they are going to the restaurant

 

 

Simply French for Beginners - recap of topics

Lesson 7, 7/6/17 .

Review of the last few weeks – you should now be able to translate these into French:

1.       Good evening madam, my name is….. what is your name please? My name is…… pleased to meet you. I would like to introduce ……

2.       I would like a table for 2 people please. Outside, please. Here? Yes thank you. I would also like to reserve a table for 4 people Saturday lunchtime, please.

3.       I would like two single tickets to Lyon please. What time does the train leave? From which platform does it leave? What time does it arrive at Lyon?

4.       I would like a return ticket to Marseille please. What time does the train arrive in Marseille? Is it on time? I would like to arrive in Marseille for lunch.

5.       Hello Madame, where is the tourist information office please? The tourist information office? Go straight ahead, turn right at the roundabout, and take the second left. It is called Saint Georges Street. The tourist information office is there.

 

Verbs – to have, to be, to go

Have a try at these sentences….

·         We have two return tickets. We are going to Paris this afternoon. We are very happy.

·         She has a single ticket. She is going to Lyon (early) this morning. She is tired.

·         I would like to go to Narbonne. What time does the train leave to Narbonne please?

·         I would like to reserve a table for two people tomorrow evening, please, at 8 o’clock.

·         Do you have a table?

 

Asking questions.

1.       Using “est-ce que….”.

2.       Using a reversal of the verb and person (e.g. “avez-vous…”)

3.       Using a statement and your intonation (upward at the end of a sentence).

Est-ce que le train pour Paris part à 11 heures ? = Does the train for Paris leave at 11 o’clock ?

Part le train pour Paris à 11 heures ? = (also means) Does the train for Paris leave at 11 o’clock ?

Le train pour Paris part à 11 heures ? = (if said with upward intonation at the end of the sentence, also means) = Does the train for Paris leave at 11 o’clock ?

Est-ce que… ? literally « is it that… »

Qu’est-ce que… ? literally « what is it that… »

 

example – Qu’est-ce que c’est? = What is it?

Simply French for Beginners - buying a train ticket

Rail Travel

Un train = a train

Un billet = a ticket

Un aller simple = a single (ticket)

Un aller et retour = a return (ticket)

 

We will use Je voudrai…. I would like.

We will construct the sentance in the same way as when we were asking for a table at the restaurant.

(Je voudrai / une table / pour deux personnes / Samedi soir)

Je voudrai / un aller simple / pour Paris / Samedi matin

I would like a single (ticket) for Paris, Saturday morning

 

Je voudrai / un aller et retour / pour Paris / aujourd’hui

I would like a return (ticket) for Paris, today

 

Partir = to depart

Arriver = to arrive

 

à quelle heure / part / le train / pour Paris ?

At what time does the train depart for Paris (literally “at what time / leaves / the train / for Paris ?)

Il part à huit heures et demi = it departs at 8 :30

 

à quelle heure / arrive / le train / à Paris ?

At what time does the train arrive at Paris (literally “at what time / arrives / the train / at Paris ?)

Il arrive à huit heures et demi = it arrives at 8 :30

 

Le quai = platform

 

de quel quai / part / le train / pour Paris ? = from which platform does the train to Paris leave ?

à quel quai / arrive / le train / pour Paris ? = at which platform does the train to Paris arrive ?

 

à l’ heure = on time

en retard = delayed, late

 

Est-ce que / le train / à l’ heure ? = is the train on time ?

(literally, “is it that the train is on time?”)

C’est à l’ heure. = it is on time.

C’est à l’ heure ? = is it on time ? (raising your tone at the end turns it into a question!)

 

 (C’est = it is…)

Simply French for Beginners - directions

Directions

Questions:

Excusez-moi monsieur, Oú est ……….. s’il vous plait? = where is ……. Please?

Excusez-moi madame, pour aller á ..? = excuse me Madame, (how) to get to...?

You might hear, « La plage ? C’est á droite” “The beach? It’s on the right”.

 

Movement:

·         á gauche - to the left

·         á droite - to the right

·         tout droit - straight ahead

·         Premier (m) / Première (f) - first (like the premier league, or a premier film showing)

·         Deuxième – second (written 2e)

·         Troisième – third (written 3e)

·         Quattrième - fourth etc

 

·         La rue - the street/road

·         La place - the square

·         Au coin - at the corner

 

·         Allez - go

·         Traversez – cross

·         Prenez - take

 

       So some examples of directions are:

·         Traversez la place = cross the square

·         Prenez la deuxieme á gauche = take the second left

·         Allez á droite, et traversez la place = go to the right, and cross the square

·         Allez tout droit et c’est là = go straight ahead and it is there

 

 

Vocabluary for some types of places:

·         La plage - the beach

·         Le parking - car park

·         La cathedrale - cathedral

·         La boucherie - butcher

·         La boulangerie - baker

·         La charcuterie – cooked meats shop

·         Le banque - bank

·         La farmacie - chemist

·         Le coiffeur - hairdresser

·         La patisserie – cake shop

·         Le café - cafe

·         Le restaurant / restau - restaurant

·         Le bar – bar/pub

·         Le bistro – café/small restaurant

·         Office de tourisme – tourist information

·         Office postale – post office

·         Le gare – train station

·         Le routier- bus station

·         L'aeroport - airport

·         Les feus - the traffic lights

 Le rond-point - the roundabout

Simply French for Beginners - regular "er" verbs

Regular verbs in French.

There are three types of regular verbs in French: “er” verbs, “ir” verbs and “re” verbs

They are called this because they end in these letters (demander, acheter, partir, venir, savoir, vendre, prendre)

“er” verbs are the easiest and most regular. For “er” verbs, you remove the “er” from the word to get the “root” or “stem”. Then you replace it with the appropriate ending in its place:

For Je - ending is ...e

For tu - ending is ...es

il / elle - ....e

nous - ...ons

vous - ...ez

ils / elles - ...ent

 

So, putting that together, regular “er” verb endings - using "demander" as an example:

Demander = to ask

Remove the “er” (demand/er) and the “root” is “demand”

Add the “er” verb endings to the root

example = “je demand + e” becomes “je demande”

example = “vous demand + ez” becomes “vous demandez”

 

So the full verb looks like this:

Je demande = I ask

tu demandes = You ask (singular, informal)

il demande / elle demande = He asks / she asks / it asks

nous demandons = We ask

vous demandez = You ask (plural, formal)

ils demandent /elles demandent = They ask (masc. / fem.)

 

Examples :

You ask for a table = vous demandez une table

He asks his mother = il demande à sa mère

We ask for a reply = nous demandons un réponse

They ask the time = ils demandent l’heure

 

Some other French « er » verbs

Manger = to eat

Arriver = to arrive

Acheter = to buy

Tomber = to fall (to remember it may help to think of “tumble”)

Organiser = to organise

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